Haute couture and high fashion is a flight of fancy of the best designers around the world. Masters of the leading fashion houses create the collections haute couture, especially not clothes, but true works of art. These models are unique and performed in a single copy. When manufacturing the patterns are not used, there are almost no seams, performed at the sewing machines all the work of artists of fashion is done with their hands. For the models of haute couture only high quality fabrics and materials are used.
Many models are designed only for show they will never be produced in mass quantities, and not even, it is assumed that at least someone will be in the dresses on the street. The same collection of haute couture are lab copies, are sources of inspiration and an impetus to think about mass fashion designers working in the stream.
High fashion is markedly different from the fashion that is in magazines and fashion clothes, which can be worn every day. Indeed, the arts, including haute couture, free valued model for the novelty, originality. Sometimes this is achieved at the expense of extravagant models, in other cases due to non-traditional materials: the high fashion is used as the most expensive silks and rare furs, and vinyl records and even the metal and paper. As designers show their collections exoticism, can only assess a painting in a museum, not a call for change in the wardrobe.
One of the most prestigious events in the world of fashion is the week of high fashion in Paris. Within a few days in French capital, guests, whose number does not exceed a few thousand people can visit two dozen catwalk, on the official program, and approximately the same number of shows, held outside the official program. There are top models, vested in dresses by internationally recognized houses haute couture: Channel, Christian Dior, Givenchy, Christian Lacroix, Emmanuel Ungaro, Jean-Paul Gaultier, Hanae Mori, and Dominique Sirop.
The elite in the front row at fashion shows attract the attention of journalists, no less than the catwalk. Typically, these are movie stars, businessmen, as well as business leaders, especially the frequent visitors are businessmen of China, Japan. They are ready to part with tens of thousands of euros to get dressed in outfits from the creators of high fashion.
Such as Giorgio Armani has long been working with stars of world class his for George Clooney, , David Beckham.
The collections of haute couture for the most part, are not profitable, they are designed to support the . They are not aimed at mass production, but they are leaving millions of euros.
The phenomenon of high fashion causes different emotions of average human. For someone it is so certain prohibitive, phantasmagoric art, elegant chic and mysterious world of glamour.
Haute Couture and life
Generally claim that the fashion is an integral part of culture, is most closely associated with the touching musical currents, non-traditional sports, and perhaps primarily with social and political movements, resulting in environment.
And really, speaking about the role of fashion in life of every person, we should not forget about the way we take the world and our environment.
But of course it is not a rare case when it is possible to see something unusual in the street, something what an ordinary person can call an example of haute couture.
As a manifestation of the general trend of democratization of society, its basic views on clothing, fashion today gives everyone the possibility to freely choose ways of expressing the position of social, aesthetic attitudes, just mood. Often this will happen at the expense of the unity of style costume. However, this situation has arisen only in recent years, since the early 80s. (Carr 1993:78)
This is strictly adhered to the principle of clear separation of different areas and styles of fashion all of the movements, developed their distinguishing attributes, implied consent of any person with common facilities of pioneers separate style.
Over time, in the mid-80s, this was the demonstration was considered to be the practical realization of the right of everyone to freedom of expression and originality of its own position, an end in itself by definition.
Long enough the existence of such freedom does not fall into the field of view of ordinary consumer clothing. Triumphal procession of new look-not only the creative success of Dior, but also a consequence of lack of freedom, peace had prevailed in the suit after the war. Because at that time a tradition of perceiving high fashion as the sole source of the emergence of innovative ideas in the clothing the average person goes back to the days when consumers of fashion does not have those whom we today might call ordinary people. But times change, and an increasing number of people who are not burdened superfluous aesthetic traditions, there has been interest in fashion and make efforts in order to look fashionable.
The simplicity of lines, which are based on the authors models of haute couture, to satisfy only those who wanted to emphasize their belonging to the aims of prosperity and good orthodox majority. What was once considered a sign of good taste and respectability was seen as obedience dictates of high fashion.
A natural extension of these changes was the emergence of rebels, not so seriously by the social aspect of their protest, with an increasing emphasis on the stylistic eccentricity. (Muller 2000:84)
That is street fashion was not only to shape the appearance of young people, but also play a part, and means rotating in the fashion industry. To be indifferent to the sum of these two factors, of course, high fashion could not. It should be added to this, the crisis genre, covering high fashion.
As a result, has become a situation in which haute couture designers began to borrow ideas from the street. Borrowing this could happen in different ways. Vivienne Westwood, for example, has developed at some point the level of youth business and felt that her ideas are already relatively familiar to fans of street fashion, can become a sensation on the catwalk started to adapt their own ideas for the haute couture shows.
The most common phenomenon is shifting to the language of high fashion, borrowing and adapting other peoples finds. For example, a rare summer without having to show the collection was based on the lines emanating from the development of style surfers. What distinguishes surfers of podium with their real prototypes? First of all, clean and perfect lines. These qualities, so valued by professionals of haute couture, the authors results are finalized, which will remain paramount in importance for this style of declaration disregard for the rules of decorum. The negligence of appearance of these surfers is achieved by shabby details of the suit, pompous, frequently fussy, color combinations, unacceptable to the fashion shows. This, together with the underlined sportiness way, is not central to the authenticity of street style, leaving his original image, only the outer shell, sometimes considerably distorted. Such forgery cause negative dismissive treatment from members of real style communities for which the most important thing in their chosen costume a manifestation of the spirit of disobedience, unwillingness to compromise with the establishment. (Carr 1993:93)
The same trend is visible with the example of leather jackets, a classic attribute, and the whole character of street fashion. The number of interpretations on the podium is not quantifiable. Practically every designer, looks at this topic, tried, of course, bring something new in the line, color, texture of the classic model. None of these innovations have got accustomed at the street.
Here, in addition to those already mentioned controversy we should pay attention to other factors. Unlike high fashion, where a clear focus on creating something new every year, each season, street fashion, despite its seeming progressiveness, and extravagance, is still very conservative fashion. This is probably the consequence of the fact that each part of a uniform style of flow was first mark, a distinctive feature of this course. Such things do not tolerate changes and are worn especially to emphasize identity to previously appeared clans. But times change, attributive aspect of street fashion is gradually disappearing in the past, and perhaps soon we will see on the streets gold leather jackets of haute couture. (Farren 1982:139)
Thus, the interaction of these two sources of ideas in modern fashion the street and high fashion so far looks a bit one-sided.
The street fashion is widely used, their ideas and findings as the material for their searches, high fashion, in turn, with little perceived fans of street style movements. Penetration of the same ideas of street the world of high fashion is becoming more active. (Farren 1982:133)
Many fashion houses, including Versace opened production line of denim clothes, which to a certain point was a privilege such vulgar apparel companies. Many relatively young designers, such as Lang, Dolce & Gabbana, specializing in the production of youth clothing, can not ignore the major trends that appear in the line of street fashion.
The lack of feedback is likely to explain the initial focus of street fashion in the negation of all that appears in line with mainstream fashion. It should be added that the ideas of the consumers of high fashion are not those of society, to which adherents of stylistic currents of street fashion. The main reason of this state of affairs today is likely to include the already mentioned decrease in the value of clan style street fashion. This is a growing democracy and pluralism in the area of clothing that has been felt since the early 1980s. (Dant 1999:56)
Currently, fewer people are inclined to identify with any certain style community. Each of us is not so much seeking to express their clothing or aesthetic attitudes, but rather wants to express their individuality without resorting to this to help hard schemes, developed under the proposed street fashion style trends. Therefore, even if some ideas that have appeared on the podium, and become part of everyday clothing, they no longer create new trends, and the old clans, seeking to survive against the backdrop of the growing importance of individualism, are more than ever open to new developments.